Blog Category: Articles

New Housing Stability & Tenant
Protection Laws in New York State:
5 Facts Every Landlord Needs to Know

On June 14, 2019, Governor Cuomo signed the “Housing Stability and Tenant Protection Act of 2019”. While the majority of the changes included in this bill are specific to New York City’s rent-controlled tenants, a number of changes will have a significant impact on every New York landlord, both in your obligations to your tenants during their occupancy and in the process of evicting them.


Representing Borrowers in Commercial Loan Transactions: Diving Into the Loan Documents

Loan documents – those bastions of arcane and archaic legal language which memorialize and govern the lender-borrower relationship – play an outsize role in any commercial loan transaction. And customarily they are overtly lender-friendly, regularly tipping the balance in lenders’ favor and placing even sophisticated borrowers at significant operational disadvantages. (more…)

Understanding Your Survey Map

The home buying process has a lot of moving parts.   The closing is the culmination of months of work and collaboration.  Homeowners not only walk away with a key to their new house, but also a folder full of documents. (more…)

When Can a Party Recover Attorneys’ Fees in Litigation?

Many persons, both individuals and businesses, approach potential litigation with an expectation that, if they are successful, they can recover the attorneys’ fees that they incur in the litigation from the other party.  Given the expense that a party may incur in attorneys’ fees in a lawsuit and how much this amount may affect the net amount a party may actually recover (as a plaintiff) or be forced to pay (as a defendant), the accuracy of that assumption and what can be done to ensure that attorneys’ fees can be recoverable may have a large impact on the decision of whether to litigate at all or at what amount to settle a lawsuit. (more…)

New York’s New Rules on Sexual Harassment Prevention:
5 Things Employers Need to Know


Effective October 9, 2018, New York State’s new rules regarding sexual harassment training and prevention in the workplace will take effect. Every organization in New York—regardless of company size—will be required to facilitate yearly sexual harassment training and to create a clear sexual harassment prevention policy. All types of workers, including interns, part-time employees, and management, will be required to participate. (more…)

When a Loved One Dies: Common Proceedings in Surrogate’s Court Explained


When a loved one dies, it is common to start asking questions about their estate.  While it is recommended that every individual have a Last Will & Testament, in many cases, simply having a Will does not mean that probate is necessary. (more…)

Entity Formation: What’s Your Type?


As any aspiring new business owner, you may be in the midst of writing a business plan and envisioning your future successes.  At the early stages of business formation, oftentimes, clients are flooded with a wealth of information and overwhelmed with decision-making.  Too often, clients rush right into entity formation without fully understanding the reasoning behind their first big decision.

In New York State, there are six basic entity structures that exist:  sole proprietorship, limited liability company, general partnership, limited partnership, corporation and not-for-profit corporation.  A basic understanding of these business structures can help you to find the right type of business entity for your new venture.


Smart Contracts Are No Replacement for a Smart Attorney


In New York, a contract is formed when there is an offer, acceptance of an offer, and consideration exchanged between the parties. Usually verbal agreements are translated to a written document that outlines the exact expectations of each person entering into the agreement.  The intention of a contract is that people can negotiate, discuss, and set forth exact rules to govern future disputes. (more…)

Can Fido Live Here? A Landlord’s Guide to Assistance Animals


Most landlords don’t allow tenants to have pets, of any kind, in rental units. However, a “no pet policy” may have to be suspended if a current or prospective tenant has disabilities.

The federal Fair Housing Act (the “FHA”) prevents discrimination in housing related matters because of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, familial status, or disability. The FHA applies to a variety of housing transactions such as rentals, sales, mortgages, and homeowner’s associations. The FHA’s goal is to ensure that all persons receive equal housing opportunity. (more…)

Landlords: Are Your Leases Up to Snuff?

For Lease Property in New York State: Landlord-tenant relationships are governed by a patchwork of state and federal laws, including statutes specifying items that must be included in residential lease agreements, along with items that are void if included.


Landlord-tenant relationships are governed by a patchwork of state and federal laws, including statutes specifying items that must be included in residential lease agreements, along with items that are void if included.1  Due to the makeshift structure of laws governing residential leases, it can be difficult to know whether a lease complies with all applicable laws. Landlords, are your leases up to snuff? Below is an overview of items that must be included in a residential lease, or that would be trumped by statute if the terms of the lease are conflicting.2